Gynecomastia refers to enlarged or over-developed male breasts. It is a prevalent condition in men that can occur at any age. The condition can be the result of hormonal changes, heredity, obesity, or the use of certain drugs. For male patients with large breasts, gynecomastia can cause emotional and physical discomfort and impair their self-confidence. Patients may even avoid certain physical activities to hide their condition.
Surgical treatment can be effective for improvement with a flatter, firmer and better-contoured chest. Liposuction of the excess fat and surgical excision of the glandular tissue and occasionally excess skin is performed under twilight anesthesia.
Male breast reduction surgery is becoming more socially accepted and common as a treatment in healthy men with overly developed breasts.